There is evidence that modern women in India are more in favour of arranged marriages than they were 10 years ago. Although the ideology of romantic love marriage has gained popularity in Indian society and is regarded as a panacea by many social reformers for freeing Indian society from the stranglehold of the caste system, the vast majority of the people, both educated and uneducated, continue to conform to the traditional pattern of the arranged Indian marriage.
Child marriage has played havoc with the physical and mental health of Indian girls. There is considerable improvement in this position in the cities and among high caste families. However, child marriages still continue to be solemnised in rural areas and in the backwards sections of the city population. The education of women in India has tended to raise the age of Indian marriage and lower the birth rate.
Although educational and occupational opportunities are providing women in India with the new role of women in society, their social position in the family remains largely unchanged because the system of arranged Indian marriage confirms the authority of caste norms and the obligation of conformity to the traditional image of woman as wife and mother. Attitudes towards marrying a widower/widow or divorcee and attitudes towards sex, pre-marital sex and sexual freedom have been changing gradually.
The percentage of widow second marriage increased as the educational level and socio-economic status of the widow improved. The favourable attitude towards widow second marriage is seen more among the educated and the working women in India.